How to make a Great Red Wine at Home Success Recipe
In this series of posts I'll try to present my wine making knowledge along with some usefull tips and tricks of how the grape is turned into a wine.
Part 1. Basic principles for turning fresh grapes into a wine.
The recipe for turning grapes into wine is roughly like this:
1. Gather a large quantity of ripe grapes from the vine.
2. Eliminate leaves, rotten beans and (optional, but better) clusters
You can replace with raspberries or any other fruit, but then it is called a "raspberry wine" or "cider", etc. But wine is a beverage derived from 100% pure grape juice.
3. Put the grapes into a clean container (fermenter).
The fermenter can be a professional stainless steel, wooden barrel with different sizes or even a plastic container.
4. Crush grapes to release the juice.
Making wine is very simple. After crushing the grapes, yeast (microscopic single-celled organisms that are generally found in the vine, and therefore in grapes) living in sugar medium gradually turn the sugar in the grape juice into alcohol. During this process, the yeast will generate carbon dioxide in the air. When the yeast do the job, grape juice has turned into wine. Sugar, which was contained in the juice is gone - instead there is alcohol. The more mature and sweet grapes, the more alcohol will contain wine.
This process is called fermentation.
Fermentation is a completely natural process that does not require any human intervention, other than to pick the grapes, crush it and put it in the fermentation container. Fermentation is obtained, even if you forget fresh apple juice on the terrace and without your help. Scientists even believe that if we leave milk that contains another type of sugar to stay long on the kitchen table, it shall receive small amounts of alcohol.
We'll discuss wine making process in more detail in Part 2.